The United States declared its support for any efforts to peacefully resolve the situation in Ukraine. Italy has previously proposed a plan that includes negotiations over “disputed territories”. In Russia, Italy's proposal was criticized
The United States supports any efforts to peacefully resolve the situation in Ukraine, if they support the Ukrainian people. This was stated by US Ambassador to the UN Linda Thomas-Greenfield, answering a question about the proposal for a peaceful settlement in Ukraine, which Italian Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio handed over to the UN.
“We support any efforts from any side to search for a peaceful settlement in the interests of the Ukrainian people, which would be approved by the Ukrainian people,— said Thomas-Greenfield.
At the same time, she noted that she had not seen the proposal itself, but knew about it.
The newspaper La Repubblica wrote on May 19 that the Italian government had prepared a plan for a peaceful settlement in Ukraine.
The plan includes four stages:
- ceasefire in Ukraine and demilitarization of the front line under UN supervision;
- negotiations on the status of Ukraine, which involve the country's accession to the EU, but not joining NATO;
- a bilateral agreement between Ukraine and Russia on Crimea and Donbass: at the suggestion of the Italian authorities, the “disputed territories” will have full autonomy with the right to independently ensure their security, but sovereignty over the regions will belong to Kyiv;
- the conclusion of a multilateral agreement on peace and security in Europe, which will cover issues of disarmament and arms control, conflict prevention and confidence-building measures.
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According to the plan, this will be followed by the withdrawal of Russian troops from the territory of Ukraine.
Italy also proposes to create an international group that will monitor compliance with the plan (the full list of countries that could join it has not yet been determined, but among them are France, Germany, Turkey, USA, China, Canada, Great Britain, Poland and Israel), and involve the European Union, the UN and other international organizations in this process.
Deputy Chairman of the Security Council Dmitry Medvedev criticized Italy's plan. lie". He called the proposal for the autonomy of Donbass within this country “obvious nonsense”; and “cheap projecting”, but about the autonomy of the Crimea — an insult to Russia.
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky has previously stated that a diplomatic solution to the conflict is possible only after a ceasefire by Russia and the withdrawal of troops.
Russian President Vladimir Putin named among the necessary conditions ” ;recognition of Russian sovereignty over Crimea, solving the problems of demilitarization and denazification of the Ukrainian state and ensuring its neutral status».